EWG describes itself as a nonprofit environmental research organization. It is headquartered in the US and lobbies for greener policymaking that promotes conservation and sustainable development. It uses the power of information in order to "protect the most vulnerable segments of the human population 'children, babies, and infants in the womb' from health problems attributed to a wide array of toxic contaminants."
Within this mandate, it has conducted research on the contaminants contained in the tissues of human adults, Body Burden: The Pollution in People (2003). The study carried out in association with Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York and Commonweal was, in my view, groundbreaking in raising pollution awareness. It found a total of 167 chemicals, of which 76 are known carcinogens, 94 are neurological toxins, and 79 can lead to birth defects or developmental problems. A followup study in 2005, Body Burden: The Pollution in Newborns examined the chemical contents of the umbilical cord blood of infants. Samples were tested for 261 compounds, and the results were equally disturbing.
Environmental Defence is a Canadian environmental activist organization. In their own words, "Environmental Defence protects the environment and human health. We research. We educate. We go to court when we have to. All in order to ensure clean air, safe food and thriving ecosystems. Nationwide" (http://www.environmentaldefence.ca/ -- August 28, 2007). Their site is obviously a very useful resource with respect to the environment.
As part of their program, Pollution. It's in YOU, they have also conducted research on human body contamination, The Toxic Nation Studies. The Canadian study checked for fewer chemicals but also found a frightening cocktail of compounds (heavy metals, PCBs, PBDEs, pesticide and insecticide residues, etc., many of which are known to cause cancer, toxify the nervous system, or affect hormonal systems, reproduction, and development). View the results of the study here: Polluted Children, Toxic Nation:
A Report on Pollution in Canadian Families.
There are relatively few resources when it comes to estimating the total mineral reserves on the planet. The U.S. Geological
Survey is one of them, if not the only one. In collaboration with agencies and countries around the world, it is currently conducting the only worldwide effort to estimate the remaining reserves of nonfuel minerals left around the globe, the Quantitative Global Mineral Resource Assessment Project (GMRAP). The project began in 2002 and is expected to take about eight years to complete. More information is available at USGS Fact Sheet FS-053-03.
Alvin Toffler is a well-know author (Future Shock, The Third Wave) and futurist. I believe that he was the first to introduce the concept of waves of change in terms of tool for social analysis. He and his married partner Heidi run a firm, Toffler Associates, which provides advisory services to companies and governments with respect to strategic planning for the future.
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